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Appendicectomy

As discussed, appendicitis is a medical condition that needs immediate intervention. The surgical procedure of the removal of vermiform appendix is called appendectomy or appendicectomy. In most cases, this procedure is done on emergency situations.

Appendicits happens when the appendix gets inflamed. The organ can be visualized as a tiny finger shaped chunk of tissue that generally projects from the large intestine. A tiny hole in the appendix can act as source of inflammation to the entire digestive tract. Any inflammation that occurs to this organ can be regarded as life-threatening. The difficulty is diagnosing this condition further contributes to its dreadful nature.

The entire procedure can be done either using spinal anesthesia or general anesthesia. In the former case, the numbing agent is applied in the spinal cord so that the back is numbed. During the general anesthesia, the person doesn't feel any sort of pain.

The procedure begins by making a couple of incisions, whose length measures from 2 -3 inches. These incisions pass through the abdominal layers and detect the abdomen. In normal cases, the abdomen is located in the right side of the lower abdominal part. After confirming that no additional complications are present, the appendix is safely removed. The appendix is usually attached to the colon and abdomen and these attachments are surgically cut. Sometimes, an abscess may be present. Abscess is the region where the pus accumulates and collects. The pus is drained by using rubber tubes that normally pass from the area through the skin. The drain is normally made with the help of scans like CT scan that can efficiently locate the position of abscess. The incisions made are tightly closed.

Laparoscopic procedures are the recent advances in the area. The procedure performed is similar except that in this procedure a laparoscope and other micro-instruments are used. The intensity of the post-operative pain that is experienced is significantly less by adopting this method. This surgical procedure also proves to be useful for diagnosing the condition when the chances of appendicitis are doubtful. For example, the diagnosis of appendicitis is doubtful in menstruating women and for those who are diagnosed with ovarian cysts. The conditions experienced in such conditions are very much similar to appendicitis.

The condition of such patients having a ruptured appendix is far worse than those having a healthy

appendix. In these cases, the hospitalization period after the surgery is prolonged. Intravenous antibiotics might also be given.