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Gastric Banding

The most common form of gastric banding is the laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB). This is primarily because of the fact that it involves only minimal incision.

This method proves to be advantageous for treating conditions that are very much related to obesity like hypertension, type 2 diabetes, arthritis, sleep apnea etc. After having this surgery, the body weight falls considerably. This fall in weight loss can result in fall in the risk to other problems relating to body weight. For those who have a very high body mass index, this procedure can be recommended.

Procedure: For numbing the pain & to make the process comfortable, general anesthesia is given. A tiny camera is placed in the stomach and the surgery is performed by looking the images captured by this camera. This apparatus is known as a laparoscope. About 1-5 incisions are made in the abdomen to insert the laparoscope and the surgical micro-instruments. A band is placed the upper portion of the stomach to bifurcate from the lower part. This band is made of rubber like material and is tightened so that a small pouch is formed in the upper part. A port of small size is left under the stomach skin. This can help in further increase or decrease in pouch size. Through this port, the surgeon can either inflate or deflate the band, which is analogous to that of a balloon. It takes 60-90minutes for the procedure to complete. Complications for this procedure are rare. If present, they shall include band slippage, food obstruction through the band, gastric perforation etc. During the initial days after surgery, only light and cooked food needs to be taken. Gradually, more complex food can be taken in.

Certain changes in the lifestyle need to be practiced. The food has to be chewed slowly and thoroughly before swallowing in. The food should not be dry and needs to have more water content. A balanced diet containing the right amount of proteins, vitamins and minerals is always advisable. A loss of weight equaling 25% of the total weight can be achieved on a long term basis. Care should be taken to maintain appropriate nutrition because it is very easy for a person to have nutritional issues.