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Gastro Intestinal Surgery

Gastrointestinal surgery can be done to the upper portion or lower portions of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract.

Upper gastrointestinal surgery can also be done exclusively on specific parts. Based on this criterion, the surgeries can be pancreaticoduodenectomy, esophagectomy, liver resection etc.

Pancreaticoduodenectomy is performed primarily on duodenum, pancreas, and nearby organs. This procedure is mainly done to remove the tumors that mainly affect the pancreas, bile duct, duodenal papilla etc. Most commonly, the distal half of the stomach is removed, cystic duct and gall bladder etc.

The main objective of esophagectomy is the surgical removal of whole esophagus or its portion. This surgery is commonly done for those persons who are affected with esophageal cancer. The surgery can yield better results when the cancer is detected in the early stages. 2 types of esophagectomy surgeries exist. They are transhiatal esophagectomy and transthoracic esophagectomy. The former surgery is simultaneously done on abdomen and neck. The latter is done on thorax. Generally, it is observed that the stomach takes place that is occupied by the food pipe. The surgical process is complex and takes quite an amount of time.

Liver resection is also known as hepatectomy. The surgery is commonly performed to remove the malignant tissues. Along with the removal these tissues, some healthy tissues are also taken. If the right portion of the liver is removed, the gall bladder that is closely situated is also removed.

Lower gastrointestinal surgery is also known as colorectal surgery. They are mainly used for the treatment of colorectal surgical disorders. There are a number of such disorders. Some of them are:

  • Inflammation of the veins in the anus & rectum. They result in hemorrhoids.
  • Abnormal anus tears.
  • Constipation.
  • Lack of control in defection. The condition is referred to as fecal incontinence.
  • Protrusion of rectal walls.

Some of the commonly adopted treatment procedures include colectomy, strictureplasty, anoplasty , polypectomy, hemorrhoidectomy etc.

In colectomy, the surgical removal of the portions of large intestine is performed. Colectomy indications shall include diverticulus, colon cancer, inflammatory bowel disease etc.

Polyps are abnormal growth structures that develop from the mucous membrane. Polypectomy is the removal of polyp.

Scars can occur in the intestinal walls. Conditions like Crohn's disease can lead to scar formation. Strictureplasty is the treatment that is performed to rectify this condition.