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Gastroenterology is the study of functions and diseases of the stomach, small intestine, colon, pancreas, gallbladder, bile cuts, liver and esophagus. It is broadly divided into two aspects as medical and surgical. Both are closely related to each other. Medical gastroenterology includes the diagnosis and management of patients who use endoscopy. Surgical gastroentology is again divided into three specialties. They are:

The upper gastrointestinal tract, the lower GI tract and the pancreas, liver and bile ducts.

The common gastroenterological conditions are:

  • Cirrhosis
  • Colitis (Ulcerative Colitis)
  • Colon Polyps
  • Colon Cancer (Colorectal Cancer)
  • Hepatitis
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (Heartburn)
  • Peptic Ulcer Disease
  • Gallstones
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
  • Pancreatitis
  • Abdominal Pain

A gastroenterologist is the one who is broadly trained in internal medicine and diagnosing and treating digestive system diseases. Usually, the gastroenterologist treats patients from the age of sixteen and above. The gastroenterological patient normally does not need hospital admission. Only certain rare cases may require hospital stay. A gastroenterologist does not perform surgery. His duty is limited to diagnosis and medical treatments. But, in certain cases, the gastroenterologist does have to perform surgeries. The diagnostic procedures may include blood tests, x-rays and endoscopic examinations etc.

The gastroenterology field is much complex and possess quite important role in the health of an individual. The digestive system can affect the entire health. When you start having problems in the digestive system, you will also start feeling loose of energy. Digestive system helps to process the food that we have. When you have problems with that processing, you may also lose the essential vitamins and nutrients from the food.

Another important factor that makes the field of gastroenterology important is the modern lifestyle. The new generation is behind fast food items. These mouth watering food items are not at all good for your digestive system. Colored and fashioned dishes may seem healthy but they are not. They will affect the digestive system badly and cause so many issues. So, gastroenterology is becoming highly important nowadays.