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Health Risk associated with Obesity

Certain medical experts are of the opinion that excessive fat accumulation is analogous to a gland that secretes toxic substances. Fat accumulation especially in the hip and waist, can be dangerous. It is therefore of prime priority to reduce and maintain the body weight at right levels.

High blood pressure levels: The condition is also called hypertension. Blood pressure is the pressure applied to the walls of the blood vessels when heart pumps blood to them. As it is well known, blood pressure is expressed as 2 figures. They are systolic pressure & diastolic pressure. Systolic pressure is the pressure experienced when the heart pumps the blood out into the blood vessels. Diastolic pressure during the interval between 2 successive heart beats. A blood pressure of 120/80mmHg (systolic/diastolic) is regarded as normal. High blood pressure patients have a blood pressure at or above 140/90mmHg.

  • High cholesterol levels: Cholesterols are lipids necessary for normal body functioning. These substances are produced by the liver. Cholesterols are also found in many of the edible substances. Proteins are essential to carry cholesterol via blood to other body parts. When both combine, lipoproteins are obtained. Lipoproteins are of 2 main categories, High Density Lipoproteins (HDL) & Low Density Lipoproteins (LDL). LDL carries the cholesterol from the liver to the required cell sites. An excess amount of LDL gets accumulates in the arterial walls. LDL therefore is also known as bad cholesterol. HDL, on the other hand, carries the unwanted cholesterols from the cells back to liver. This action prevents the action of cholesterol deposits. For this cause, they are also called good cholesterol. Obviously, relatively higher amounts of HDL & lesser amounts of LDL are always desirable.
  • Stroke: An excessive accumulation of fat in the arteries & blood vessels can lead to formation of plaque in them. Rupture can happen to the blood vessels when the pressure in the vessels is too high. The rupture can result in the formation of a blood clot. Such a clot in the brain can decrease or prevent blood flow, leading to the dysfunction of a part of brain. As the body mass index increases, the risk of developing stroke also increases.
  • Coronary heart disease: Like any other organ in the body, the heart also needs oxygen and nutrients for its proper functioning. This requirement is met by the coronary arteries. Any blockage in these arteries can thus affect the proper functioning of the heart. Fat in the bloodstream may be deposited in these arteries leading to the formation of a waxy substance known as plaque. Ischemia of the heart muscles can occur, leading to angina. It can further be developed into heart attack.
  • Varicose veins: Normal veins have leaflet valves to prevent the backflow of blood. However, these valves get malfunctioned in the case of varicose veins. As a result, the structure and composition of the veins get distorted. These veins are characterized by their bluish and lumpy nature. They are also twisted. Obese people have more probability of encountering varicose complications. These complications can remain unnoticed due to the fact that varicose veins may get hidden in the layers of fat.
  • Osteoarthritis: Extra weight can put the weight bearing surfaces like joints under pressure. This can cause more wear and tear to the joints, leading to osteoarthritis.
  • Gallstones: They are masses of cholesterol that are formed in the gallbladder. Obese individuals have greater risk of forming gallstones due to the increased levels of cholesterols in their body.

In addition, this condition can create some psychological effects like low self esteem etc.