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Inguinal hernia

Hernia is a bulging of the intestine or any other organ through the relatively weak muscles. The much less strength of the muscles makes it easier for the organs to protrude out. If hernia is experienced, a feeling of a soft lump may be experienced. One can feel the movement of this lump on applying pressure. The lump may give a certain amount of pain on activities like coughing, sneezing etc. Most hernias may consist of peritoneal sac portion, viscera, omentum & a small portion of bowel. Incidence is seen more in infants or older persons.

Hernias can be of several types. They are:

  • Inguinal hernia.
  • Hiatus hernia.
  • Umbilical hernia.
  • Femoral hernia.
  • Epigastric hernia.
  • Incisional hernia.

Among them, Inguinal & hiatus hernias are the prominent hernias.

Inguinal hernia: This type of hernia occurs when the organ tissues push through a weakened groin muscles. The scrotum or the groin portions bulges out. This protrusion can result in a burning or hurting sensation. There are 2 types of inguinal hernia: direct & indirect inguinal hernia. The direct inguinal hernia is commonly observed in older people and is rare in children. Indirect inguinal hernia, on the other hand, is the most commonly seen form of hernia & affects irrespective of age. The chances of hernia shall aggravate if the individual is overweight. Persons who frequently perform laborious tasks like weight-lifting also experience this problem. Constipation can also trigger this condition.

This kind of hernia is commonly observed in men.

Surgery is commonly adopted treatment option. The surgical method strives to strengthen the muscle & push the protrusion back into place. The protrusion or the bowel portion can either have its blood supply cut off or trapped in the inguinal canal. The former type of hernia is called strangulated hernia. Immediate surgery is required to restore the supply of blood or else the death of these tissues may result.

Surgery can be done in 2 ways: open surgery & keyhole surgery. In an open surgery, an incision is made to push back the mass. Keyhole surgery happens to be a minimum-invasive surgery in which a number of micro-incisions are made which facilitates the use of many instruments through these orifices.

The percentage of risk associated with this hernia is relatively less. Only about 1% of hernia cases are noticed to be recurrent. If exist, complications shall include blood presence in the hernia space, bruising & swelling of testicles etc.