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Upper GI Endoscopy

This procedure is commonly used for diagnosing the upper portion of the gastrointestinal tract. It is done by employing an endoscope. Therefore, it has an advantage of minimal incision, quicker recovery etc. The complications include only the condition of sore throat.

The procedure is done by inserting a tube known as the endoscope into the mouth followed by moving it through the throat, esophagus, stomach and then to finally reach the duodenum.

The upper GI endoscopy can detect ulcers, tumors, inflammation, bleeding, infections etc. In addition to detection, biopsy collection, polyps removal, treatment of bleeding can also be done through this technique. Compared to X-rays, this diagnostic method is helpful since this test shows phenomena that are unnoticed using X-rays. Gastrointestinal problems that can be diagnosed using this method include the following:

  • GastroEsophageal Reflux Disease (GERD).
  • Gastritis & Esophagitis.
  • Esophageal stricture.
  • Hiatal hernia.
  • Barrett's esophagus.

The test also proves to be useful for monitoring the healing rate of gastric ulcers, diagnosing the infection causes, to find the reasons for bloating, dysphagia, weight loss without a reason, vomiting etc.

Procedure in detail: Prior to the procedure, preliminary tests like blood tests are carried out in order to detect any clotting or low hemoglobin issues. If the status is proper, anesthesia is given to the throat via spray, gargling etc so that it is easier to insert the endoscope through it. Along with this, intravenous injection is administered so that the pain felt is significantly reduced. After the endoscope is taken in, the camera attached to endoscope aids in viewing the inner portions of the gastrointestinal tract.